Spain Travel Guide

Spain Hotels

Spain Travel Destination
Alicante, Spain
Avila, Spain
Baeza, Spain
Barcelona, Spain
Bilbao, Spain
Burgos, Spain
Cadiz, Spain
Cardona, Spain
Castellon, Spain
Cordoba, Spain
Gandia, Spain
Gijon, Spain
Granada, Spain
Ibiza, Spain
Jerez, Spain
Lacoruna, Spain
Las Palmas, Spain
Madrid, Spain
Malaga, Spain
Marbella, Spain
Oviedo, Spain
Palma, Spain
Pamplona, Spain
Playa, Spain
Salamanca, Spain
San Sebastian, Spain
Santander, Spain
Santiago, Spain
Segovia, Spain
Seville, Spain
Sitges, Spain
Toledo, Spain
Torrem, Spain
Valencia, Spain

Spain Tourism:
Madrid Attractions
Barcelona Attractions
Toledo Attractions
Valencia Attractions
Granada Attractions
Seville Attractions
San Sebastian Attractions
Balearic Attractions
Bilbao Attractions

Spain World Heritage Sites
Murcia Major Attractions
Granada Heritage Sites

Cordoba Heritage Sites

Seville Heritage Sites

Úbeda & Baeza Heritage Sites
Aragon Heritage Sites

Galicia Heritage Sites

Cantabria Heritage Sites

Asturias Heritage Sites
Ibiza Heritage Sites

Basque Country Heritage Sites

Canary Islands Heritage Sites

Toledo Heritage Sites
Castilla La Mancha Heritage Sites

Castile & Leon Heritage Sites

Catalonia Heritage Sites

Extremadura Heritage Sites
La Rioja Heritage Sites

Madrid Heritage Sites


Spain Directory & Spain Travel Information

About Spain
Spain Geography

Spain Climate

Spain History
Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples

Roman Empire and the

Germanic Kingdoms

Muslim Iberia

Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification
Imperial Spain

Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences

Spanish-American War
20th Century of Spain

21st Century of Spain

Spain Politics
Spain Constitution

Spain Government

Spain Administrative Divisions

Foreign Relations of Spain

Spain Economy
Spain Demographics

Immigration to Spain

People / Languages of Spain

Spain Religions

Spain Culture
Spain Schools

Literature of Spain

Real Academia Española

Art of Spain

Cinema in Spain
Spain Architecture

Spain Music

Cuisines in Spain

Sports in Spain

Spain Holidays


Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Switzerland offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Spain Imperial

The unification of the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile laid the basis for modern Spain and the Spanish Empire. Spain was Europe's leading power throughout the 16th century and most of the 17th century, a position reinforced by trade and wealth from colonial possessions. Spain reached its apogee during the reigns of the first two Spanish Habsburgs - Charles I (1516–1556) and Philip II (1556–1598). This period also saw the Italian Wars, the revolt of the comuneros, the Dutch revolt, the Morisco revolt, clashes with the Ottomans, the Anglo-Spanish war and wars with France.

The Spanish Empire expanded to include most parts of South and Central America, Mexico, southern and western portions of today's United States, the Philippines, Guam and the Mariana Islands in Eastern Asia, parts of northern Italy, southern Italy, Sicily, cities in Northern Africa, as well as parts of France, modern Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.

It was the first empire about which it was said that the sun never set. This was an age of discovery, with daring explorations by sea and by land, the opening-up of new trade routes across oceans, conquests and the beginnings of European colonialism. Along with the arrival of precious metals, spices, luxuries, and new agricultural plants, Spanish and other explorers brought back knowledge from the New World, playing a leading part in transforming Europeans understanding of the globe. The cultural efflorescence witnessed is now referred to as the Spanish Golden Age. The rise of humanism, the Protestant Reformation and new geographical discoveries raised issues addressed by the influential intellectual movement now known as the School of Salamanca.

In the late 16th century and first half of the 17th century, Spain was confronted by unrelenting challenges from all sides. Barbary pirates under the aegis of the rapidly growing Ottoman empire, disrupted life in many coastal areas through their slave raids and renewed the threat of an Islamic invasion. This at a time when Spain was often at war with France in Italy and elsewhere. Later the Protestant Reformation schism from the Catholic Church dragged the kingdom ever more deeply into the mire of religiously charged wars. The result was a country forced into ever expanding military efforts across Europe and in the Mediterranean.

By the middle decades of a war and plague ridden 17th century Europe, the effects of the strain began to show. The Spanish Habsburgs had enmeshed the country in the continent wide religious-political conflicts. These conflicts drained it of resources and undermined the European economy generally. Spain managed to hold on to most of the scattered Habsburg empire, and help the imperial forces of the Holy Roman Empire reverse a large part of the advances made by Protestant forces, but it was finally forced to recognise the separation of Portugal and the Netherlands, and eventually suffered some serious military reverses to France in the latter stages of the immensely destructive, Europe-wide Thirty Years War.

In the latter half of the 17th century, Spain went into a gradual relative decline, during which it surrendered a number of small territories to France. However Spain maintained and enlarged its vast overseas empire, which remained intact until the beginning of the 19th century.

The decline culminated in a controversy over succession to the throne which consumed the first years of the 18th century. The War of Spanish Succession, a wide ranging international conflict combined with a civil war, cost Spain its European possessions and its position as one of the leading powers on the Continent.

During this war, a new dynasty, the French Bourbons was installed. Long united only by the Crown, a true Spanish state was established when the first Bourbon king Philip V of Spain united Castile and Aragon into a single state, abolishing many of the regional privileges.

The 18th century saw a gradual recovery and an increase in prosperity through much of the empire. The new Bourbon monarchy drew on the French system of modernising the administration and the economy. Enlightenment ideas began to gain ground among some of the kingdom's elite and monarchy. Towards the end of the century trade finally began growing strongly. Military assistance for the rebellious British colonies in the American War of Independence improved Spain's international standing.


Trip Holidays also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.

Spain Travel Destination
Alicante Spain - Avila Spain - Baeza Spain - Barcelona Spain - Bilbao Spain - Burgos Spain - Cadiz Spain - Cardona Spain
Castellon Spain
- Cordoba Spain - Gandia Spain - Gijon Spain - Granada Spain - Ibiza Spain - Jerez Spain
Lacoruna Spain
- Las Palmas Spain - Madrid Spain - Malaga Spain - Marbella Spain - Oviedo Spain - Palma Spain
Pamplona Spain
- Playa Spain - Salamanca Spain - San Sebastian Spain - Santander Spain - Santiago Spain - Segovia Spain
Seville Spain
- Sitges Spain - Toledo Spain - Torrem Spain - Valencia Spain

Spain Travel Informations and Spain Travel Guide
About Spain - Spain Geography - Spain Climate
Spain History - Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples - Roman Empire and the - Germanic Kingdoms - Muslim Iberia
Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification - Imperial Spain - Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences
Spanish-American War - 20th Century of Spain - 21st Century of Spain
Spain Politics - Spain Constitution - Spain Government - Spain Administrative Divisions - Foreign Relations of Spain
Spain Economy - Spain Demographics - Immigration to Spain - People / Languages of Spain - Spain Religions
Spain Culture - Spain Schools - Literature of Spain - Real Academia Española - Art of Spain
Cinema in Spain - Spain Architecture - Spain Music - Cuisines in Spain - Sports in Spain - Spain Holidays

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