Spain Travel Guide

Spain Hotels

Spain Travel Destination
Alicante, Spain
Avila, Spain
Baeza, Spain
Barcelona, Spain
Bilbao, Spain
Burgos, Spain
Cadiz, Spain
Cardona, Spain
Castellon, Spain
Cordoba, Spain
Gandia, Spain
Gijon, Spain
Granada, Spain
Ibiza, Spain
Jerez, Spain
Lacoruna, Spain
Las Palmas, Spain
Madrid, Spain
Malaga, Spain
Marbella, Spain
Oviedo, Spain
Palma, Spain
Pamplona, Spain
Playa, Spain
Salamanca, Spain
San Sebastian, Spain
Santander, Spain
Santiago, Spain
Segovia, Spain
Seville, Spain
Sitges, Spain
Toledo, Spain
Torrem, Spain
Valencia, Spain

Spain Tourism:
Madrid Attractions
Barcelona Attractions
Toledo Attractions
Valencia Attractions
Granada Attractions
Seville Attractions
San Sebastian Attractions
Balearic Attractions
Bilbao Attractions

Spain World Heritage Sites
Murcia Major Attractions
Granada Heritage Sites

Cordoba Heritage Sites

Seville Heritage Sites

Úbeda & Baeza Heritage Sites
Aragon Heritage Sites

Galicia Heritage Sites

Cantabria Heritage Sites

Asturias Heritage Sites
Ibiza Heritage Sites

Basque Country Heritage Sites

Canary Islands Heritage Sites

Toledo Heritage Sites
Castilla La Mancha Heritage Sites

Castile & Leon Heritage Sites

Catalonia Heritage Sites

Extremadura Heritage Sites
La Rioja Heritage Sites

Madrid Heritage Sites


Spain Directory & Spain Travel Information

About Spain
Spain Geography

Spain Climate

Spain History
Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples

Roman Empire and the

Germanic Kingdoms

Muslim Iberia

Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification
Imperial Spain

Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences

Spanish-American War
20th Century of Spain

21st Century of Spain

Spain Politics
Spain Constitution

Spain Government

Spain Administrative Divisions

Foreign Relations of Spain

Spain Economy
Spain Demographics

Immigration to Spain

People / Languages of Spain

Spain Religions

Spain Culture
Spain Schools

Literature of Spain

Real Academia Española

Art of Spain

Cinema in Spain
Spain Architecture

Spain Music

Cuisines in Spain

Sports in Spain

Spain Holidays


Spain Vacation Trips

Switzerland Holiday Vacation Trips offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Spain 20th Century

The 20th century brought little peace; Spain played a minor part in the scramble for Africa, with the colonisation of Western Sahara, Spanish Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. The heavy losses suffered during the Rif war in Morocco helped to undermine the monarchy. A period of authoritarian rule under General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1931) ended with the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic. The Republic offered political autonomy to the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia and gave voting rights to women.

The bitterly fought Spanish Civil War (1936-39) ensued. Three years later the Nationalist forces, led by General Francisco Franco, emerged victorious with the support of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. The Republican side was supported by the Soviet Union and Mexico and International Brigades, including the American Abraham Lincoln Brigade, but it was not supported officially by the Western powers due to the British-led policy of Non-Intervention. The Spanish Civil War has been called the first battle of the Second World War; under Franco, Spain was neutral in the Second World War though sympathetic to the Axis. The conflict had claimed the lives of over 500,000 people and had caused the flight of up to one half-million more citizens.

The only legal party under Franco's regime was the Falange española tradicionalista y de las JONS, formed in 1937; the party emphasised anti-Communism, Catholicism and nationalism. Nonetheless, since Franco's anti-democratic ideology was opposed to the idea of political parties, the new party was renamed officially a National Movement in 1949.

After World War II, Spain was politically and economically isolated, and was kept out of the United Nations until 1955, when due to the Cold War it became strategically important for the U.S. to create a military presence on the Iberian peninsula, next to the Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar, in order to protect southern Europe. In the 1960s, Spain registered an unprecedented economic growth in what was called the Spanish miracle, which rapidly resumed the long interrupted transition towards a modern industrial economy with a thriving tourism sector and a high degree of human development.

Upon the death of General Franco in November 1975, Prince Juan Carlos assumed the position of king and head of state. With the approval of the new Spanish Constitution of 1978 and the arrival of democracy, the State devolved autonomy to the regions and created an internal organization based on autonomous communities. In the Basque Country, moderate Basque nationalism coexisted with a radical nationalism supportive of the separatist group ETA.

On 23 February 1981, rebel elements among the security forces seized the Cortes and tried to impose a military-backed government. However, the great majority of the military forces remained loyal to King Juan Carlos, who used his personal authority and addressed the usurpers via national TV as commander in chief to put down the bloodless coup attempt.

On 30 May 1982, NATO gained a new member when, following a referendum, the newly democratic Spain joined the alliance. Also in 1982, the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) came to power, representing the return of a left-wing government after 43 years. In 1986, Spain joined the European Community - what has now become the European Union. The PSOE was replaced in government by the Partido Popular (PP) after the latter won the 1996 General Elections; at that point the PSOE had served almost 14 consecutive years in office.

The Government of Spain has been involved in a long-running campaign against the separatist and terrorist organization ETA ("Basque Homeland and Freedom"), founded in 1959 in opposition to Franco and dedicated to promoting Basque independence through violent means. They consider themselves a guerrilla organization while they are listed as a terrorist organization by both the European Union and the United States on their respective watchlists. The current nationalist-led Basque Autonomous government does not endorse ETA's nationalist violence, which has caused over 800 deaths in the past 40 years.


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Spain Travel Destination
Alicante Spain - Avila Spain - Baeza Spain - Barcelona Spain - Bilbao Spain - Burgos Spain - Cadiz Spain - Cardona Spain
Castellon Spain
- Cordoba Spain - Gandia Spain - Gijon Spain - Granada Spain - Ibiza Spain - Jerez Spain
Lacoruna Spain
- Las Palmas Spain - Madrid Spain - Malaga Spain - Marbella Spain - Oviedo Spain - Palma Spain
Pamplona Spain
- Playa Spain - Salamanca Spain - San Sebastian Spain - Santander Spain - Santiago Spain - Segovia Spain
Seville Spain
- Sitges Spain - Toledo Spain - Torrem Spain - Valencia Spain

Spain Travel Informations and Spain Travel Guide
About Spain - Spain Geography - Spain Climate
Spain History - Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples - Roman Empire and the - Germanic Kingdoms - Muslim Iberia
Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification - Imperial Spain - Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences
Spanish-American War - 20th Century of Spain - 21st Century of Spain
Spain Politics - Spain Constitution - Spain Government - Spain Administrative Divisions - Foreign Relations of Spain
Spain Economy - Spain Demographics - Immigration to Spain - People / Languages of Spain - Spain Religions
Spain Culture - Spain Schools - Literature of Spain - Real Academia Española - Art of Spain
Cinema in Spain - Spain Architecture - Spain Music - Cuisines in Spain - Sports in Spain - Spain Holidays

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